"Is it the rock upon which Christ builds the Church or the Church? As long as it was in the body, it lived; separated, it forfeits its life. 33, n. 8). "Should anyone say that Christ is the one head and the one shepherd, the one spouse of the one Church, he does not give an adequate reply. Daher verlieh ihr Jesus Christus folgende Elemente: sie ist zugleich sichtbar und unsichtbar, menschlich und göttlich, zeitlich und überzeitlich. to justify the existence of more than one Church it would be necessary to go outside this world, and to create a new and unheard - of race of men. And Tertullian: "It is therefore clear that all doctrine which agrees with that of the Apostolic churches - the matrices and original centres of the faith, must be looked upon as the truth, holding without hesitation that the Church received it from the Apostles, the Apostles from Christ and Christ from God....We are in communion with the Apostolic churches, and by the very fact that they agree amongst themselves we have a testimony of the truth" (De Praescrip., cap. Die Kirche sei somit der auf Erden fortlebende und fortwirkende Christus. They are therefore outside the edifice itself; and for this very reason they are separated from the fold, whose leader is the Chief Pastor; they are exiled from the Kingdom, the keys of which were given by Christ to Peter alone. Militantis ecclesiae | 3). Papst Leo XIII. ii., n. 4-5). Unity, characteristic of the Church founded by Christ, has a strong influence on souls. Explaining this passage, Optatus of Milevis says: "It is written in the prophet Isaiah: 'from Sion the law shall go forth and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem.' xvi., ad Damasum, n. 2). Epiphanius, Augustine, Theodoret, drew up a long list of the heresies of their times. The Tridentine Mass (Latin: Missa Tridentina) is the form of the Roman Rite Mass contained in the typical editions of the Roman Missal that were published between 1570 and 1962. This power over the Episcopal College to which we refer, and which is clearly set forth in Holy Writ, has ever been acknowledged and attested by the Church, as is clear from the teaching of General Councils. Irenaeus writes of heretics as follows: "Admitting the sacred Scriptures they distort the interpretations" (Lib. It was necessary that a government of this kind, since it belongs to the constitution and formation of the Church, as its principal element - that is as the principle of unity and the foundation of lasting stability - should in no wise come to an end with St. Peter, but should pass to his successors from one to another. . en It was our predecessor Sixtus V who gave the Roman Curia its formal organization through the above-quoted Apostolic Constitution Immensa æterni Dei, on 22 January 1588, the 1587th year from the Incarnation of Our Lord Jesus Christ. He who increased the Church in all the earth, and proclaimed it to be stronger than the heavens, gave to a mortal man all power in Heaven when He handed him the Keys" (S. Johannes Chrysostomus, Hom. iv., n. 56). Another head like to Christ must be invented - that is, another Christ - if besides the one Church, which is His body, men wish to set up another. Quod multum | Die meisten anderen im II. But it will remain as long as the sun - as long as the sun rises and sets: that is, as long as the ages of time shall roll, the Church of God - the true body of Christ on earth - will not disappear" (In Psalm. "There remains, therefore, the ordinance of truth, and St. Peter, persevering in the strength of the rock which he had received, hath not abandoned the government of the Church which had been confided to him" (S. Leo M. sermo iii., cap. S. Basilii). We have no wish to quote every available declaration; but it is well to recall the formula of faith which Michael Paleologus professed in the Second Council of Lyons: "The same holy Roman Church possesses the sovereign and plenary primacy and authority over the whole Catholic Church, which, truly and humbly, it acknowledges to have received together with the plenitude of power from the Lord Himself, in the person of St. Peter, the Prince or Head of the Apostles, of whom the Roman Pontiff is the successor. But since He willed that His kingdom should be visible He was obliged, when He ascended into Heaven, to designate a vice-gerent on earth. "Ad thou bast sent Me into the world I also have sent them into the world" (John xvii., 18). He willed then that he whom He had designated as the foundation of the Church should be the defence of its faith. The Head is the only-begotten son of God, the body is His Church; the bridegroom and the bride, two in one flesh. lxxxviii. Agreement and union of minds is the necessary foundation of this perfect concord amongst men, from which concurrence of wills and similarity of action are the natural results. Leo XIII. i., v. 42). iii., n. 2). Actionem vii., Conc. To refuse to the Church the primacy is most impious and above measure arrogant. From this it must be clearly understood that Bishops are deprived of the right and power of ruling, if they deliberately secede from Peter and his successors; because, by this secession, they are separated from the foundation on which the whole edifice must rest. i., 22-23). This: to transmit to it the same mission and the same mandate which He had received from the Father, that they should be perpetuated. If those about to come back to their most loving Mother (not yet fully known, or culpably abandoned) should perceive that their return involves, not indeed the shedding of their blood (at which price nevertheless the Church was bought by Jesus Christ), but some lesser trouble and labour, let them clearly understand that this burden has been laid on them not by the will of man but by the will and command of God. If it did nor, then it would not have been founded as perpetual, and the end set before it would have been limited to some certain place and to some certain period of time; both of which are contrary to the truth. Quam religiosa | "For the same reason, therefore, because He was about to withdraw His visible presence from the Church, it was necessary that He should appoint someone in His place, to have the charge of the Universal Church. There is no reason to doubt that all those, who by Divine Grace and mercy have had the happiness to have been born, as it were, in the bosom of the Catholic Church, and to have lived in it, will listen to Our Apostolic Voice: "My sheep hear my voice" (John x., 27), and that they will derive from Our words fuller instruction and a more perfect disposition to keep united with their respective pastors, and through them with the Supreme Pastor, so that they may remain more securely within the one fold, and may derive therefrom a greater abundance of salutary fruit. Divinum illud munus | . But, as we have already said, the Apostolic mission was not destined to die with the Apostles themselves, or to come to an end in the course of time, since it was intended for the people at large and instituted for the salvation of the human race. We must consequently investigate not how the Church may possibly be one, but how He, who founded it, willed that it should be one. Eccl., cap. To buy the sheep which He handed over to Peter and his successors" (S. Joannes Chrysostomus, De Sacerdotio, lib. Es gibt zwei wichtige Enzykliken zur Ekklesiologie: „Satis cognitum“ und „Mystici corporis“ aus dem Jahre 1943. Hence she regarded as rebels and expelled from the ranks of her children all who held beliefs on any point of doctrine different from her own. James ii., 10). "There is one God, and one Christ; and His Church is one and the faith is one; and one the people, joined together in the solid unity of the body in the bond of concord. Last Update: 2012-05-06 Usage Frequency: 1 Quality: Reference: Anonymous. xx). "Why has He shed His blood? Pergrata nobis | Origen writes: "As often as the heretics allege the possession of the canonical scriptures, to which all Christians give unanimous assent, they seem to say: `Behold the word of truth is in the houses.' So that he does not designate some, but as Peter is a rock '' ( Hom der Herr der! 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This I know is the ambassador of the Church or the Church alone supplies those means of salvation accord... Him wholly and entirely but all absurd than to accept some things and reject others the ambassadors of Christ with! 17 ) - from him, namely, who alone `` gives the increase '' ( Ibid )!
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