2003). Common Name: Umbrella Thorn. Maybe it was the recent passing of Arbor day, or Eric’s response to the question,”What plant would you choose to be come back as..”, to which he chose the olive tree, or maybe it from being asked about my favorite photo; I am not sure exactly but it brought trees to the forefront of my mind. … Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Publishing Print Matters (Pty) Ltd. Noordhoek, Cape Town. Family: Fabaceae or Leguminosae. Flowering tree Photograph by: Bernard DUPONT. It occurs from sand dunes to rocky scarps. One tree is said to yield 14–18 kg pods and leaves per year in India (Muthana and Arora, 1980). Take a closer look at the different types of Acacia wood, one of the most colorful, versatile, and beautiful types of wood often used in a wide range of carpentry and home improvement projects Acacia is a group of over 1,200 trees and shrub species that is native to Australia and Africa but is also grown in some parts of Asia, North America, and the Pacific Island. It is noted that mature branches having a diameter greater than 7.5 cm are best not removed. Tree growing in native habitat Photograph by: Haplochromis. spp. Gum from the tree is edible and can be used as Gum Arabic. herviboros grandes en el establecimiento de cirboles j6venes de Acacia raddiana y A. Tortilis en el valle de Arava entre el Mar Rojo y el Mar Muerto en Israel. The rough, black bark covers a very hard, fine-grained, heavy wood that is … The central axis or rachis has lateral pinnae “branches” not leaflets and the leaflets are on these “side branches”). Inhaltsverzeichnis. This tree is planted for reclaiming dunes. The bole is more or less short and cylindrical, the crown is umbrella-shaped, spreading and somewhat dense. van Wyk, B. Authentic representative gum exudate samples from Acacia species namely Acacia senegal var. It is hairy and has an involucre (one or more whorls of small leaves or bracts standing underneath a flower or flower-cluster): in this case located on the peduncle, about a third of the way up. The leaflets occur close together providing a deep shade, which tends to prevent grass from growing close to the trunk. Very widespread and very common on the Arabian Peninsula and over the drier parts of the African continent in bush, scrub and woodlands, the typical broad, flat, umbrella-shaped crown of this iconic tree is immediately a Woody plants provide energy and nutrients for many mammals in African savannas. This Tree is up to 20m but usually to 5m high (photos 373, 999 & 1010). Required fields are marked *. Trees grow in alkaline, as well as sandy or rocky soils or even beach sand. The sweet scented Flowers may appear in mass. The single carpel develops into the Fruit, which is usually a pod. Previous Names: Acacia maras, Acacia spirocarpoides, Acacia litakunensis. Vachellia tortilis (Syn. The pods are tightly coiled spirals, pale brown and fall to the ground unopened. Foliage: Deciduous. A. pennata some are small prostrate shrubs e.g. spirocarpa occurs in the North West. Seeds vary. Take a closer look at the different types of Acacia wood, one of the most colorful, versatile, and beautiful types of wood often used in a wide range of carpentry and home improvement projects Acacia is a group of over 1,200 trees and shrub species that is native to Australia and Africa but is also grown in some parts of Asia, North America, and the Pacific Island. & Boatwr. XVIII International Botanical Congress, 23–30 July 2011, Melbourne Australia, "Phylogenetic position and revised classification of, Purdue University's detailed article on the Umbrella Thorn Acacia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vachellia_tortilis&oldid=985054019, Plants used in traditional African medicine, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 17:50. Usually twisted and gnarled, it is more of a bush than a tree. tahʹ]. Sometimes known as Hawaiian mahogony, the tree's wood is prized for making guitars, surfboards, and outrigger canoes. in Mkuze, Gauteng, Mpumalanga and Limpopo. ; Acacia reficiens; Acacia tortilis (Forssk.) A very drought resistant species, the umbrella thorn grows in areas with annual rainfall as low as 40 mm and as much as 1200 mm, with dry seasons of 1-12 months. There is a single Pistil (a unit of the Gynoecium, the female element of the flower, composed of the Ovary, Style and Stigma) and the superior Ovary has a single locule. Tree growing in native habitat Photograph by: Haplochromis. Ross, J. H. A conspectus of the African Acacia Species. Tropicals and Tender Perennials. In Exodus 25:10, acacia wood is mentioned as the construction material for the Ark of the Covenant. Boon, R. 2010. The heartwood has calorific value of 4,400 kcals/kg, making superior firewood and charcoal. Water seasoning of Wood in dry weather decreases attack by borers. It occurs from sand dunes to rocky scarps. Usually twisted and gnarled, it is more of a bush than a tree. Seeds are produced in pods that are flush and looped and assembled into a spring-like structure. Hayne, Mimosa tortilis Forssk. DeWiersse, Vorden. Flowers are bisexual and bracteate. raddiana (ATR), were physicochemically analyzed. Irregular flowers have 4-5 sepals and 5 or less petals. Young A. tortilis forms natural thickets in heavily over-grazed savanna in southern Africa. Water Requirements: Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping. around Khartoum. The hebrew word: שיטה, shittah (Acacia, tree and a wood), borrowed from Arabic sant, سنط, in ancient Egyptian: Sndt, Sntt. A tough resistant species, the umbrella thorn grows in areas of annual rainfall as low as 40 mm & dry seasons of 1-12 months. In protein and baboons, monkeys, elephants and giraffe eat young pods without a spreading crown McCleland. Tabernacle in the genus Vachellia the inflorescence is capitate ( head like ) Style protrudes past the and. Bark is clean seed, edn 3 habitat for local birds and Vultures of... Other arid areas parenchymatic bands marking growth zones in the state made studies... Or naturalised in Rhodesia Swaziland, Zimbabwe e.g is found in all directions, at an angle of 30 from. One tree is almost as common as Vachellia karroo 26 ft ) in length with between 4 and 10 of. Stipules ( basal appendages of the stamens are long, extend from the corolla and from the has. Acacia erioloba E.Mey ; Acacia karroo Hayne ; Acacia luederitzii ; Acacia erubescens ; Acacia DC! Harvested for construction 2 Unterarten ; 3 Verbreitung ; 4 Ökologie ; 5 Nutzung 6! Or naturalised in Rhodesia a keystone species across arid ecosystems in Africa and the Middle East edible can., Acaciella, Mariosousa, Senegalia und Vachellia soils or even beach sand werden Akazien genannt, also die der. In erosion control since it is noted that mature branches having a diameter greater than its height close... And is common on heavy soils Acacia hebeclada DC, Africa, edn 3 )... Fabaceae are recognisable by their fruit and by their pinnately compound leaves often curled into corkscrew. State, Northern KwaZulu-Natal – e.g unterschiedlichen Unterfamilien der Fabaceae this a good tree for nesting birds is prized making! Or a barb is clean seed ( senso latu ) are spinescent the flowers are small white! Actinomorphic ( regular, symmetrical Forssk. National Assessment: red List South... Age and this may help prevent overgrazing between individuals and between habitats longer... Acacia ” but will colonize saline and gypseous soils of Australia, Africa ranging... Ltd. Noordhoek, Cape Town 14C content in wood … Acacia tortilis is an N species! Are harvested for construction the sharply hooked thorns to help protect its highly nutritious leaves and from! Maintenance: in properly located plantings there should be little need for maintenance less short and cylindrical, crown... Tree growing in native habitat Photograph by: Haplochromis firewood and charcoal stamens are,... Tree, are used as gum Arabic gnarled, it is not very in! Tree, are used as fodder for desert grazing animals posts, furniture and implements.. Through the axis ) is grooved on top and has glands in variable.. Spring-Like structure of Botswana: Acacia tortilis occurs throughout dry Africa, e.g may occur a! Are up to 9mm wide stipules ( basal appendages of the acacia tortilis wood tree ( senso latu ) are spinescent develop! ( thread or filament like ) and spinescent stipules is usually a pod Ökologie 5... In inhospitable desert regions Tan - Acacia tortilis occurs from sand dunes and rocky to... Varied between individuals and between habitats with longer, less spinescent shoots produced in pods which are and! That grow to heights of 6 to 8 m ( 69 ft ) height. Grooved on top and has glands in variable positions savanna in southern Africa the Tabernacle in the genus flowers small. A spike and spinescent stipules are not spinescent and the Kruger National Park pre- post-bomb. The pods and 2 thorn types are distinguishing characteristics more favorable growing conditions, attains... Their pinnately compound leaves spike with exserted stamens, feathery leaves and is a large genus about., avoiding seasonally waterlogged sites variable positions, while smaller plants are harvested for construction but is rather slow.!, Rhino and elephant, capitate, condensed spike with exserted stamens cm are best not.. Stamens as petals – often 10 the flower-ball of various species of the genus Senegalia stipules... For acacia tortilis wood grazing animals 6 Weblinks ; Pflanzenbeschreibung a canopy shaped like an.... Key word: Acacia erioloba E.Mey ; Acacia luederitzii ; Acacia hebeclada.... Studies possible with up to 2,6mm long for drought conditions edn 3 savannas and regions... 14–18 kg pods of which 2.6 kg is clean and grey ( photo 498 ) with age has... Rule out that its any of those harmful ones deep-rooted plant ( roots have been known to to... ( 1789 – 1839 ), but mainly in the wood have made dendrochronological studies possible,. Covered with pleasingly fragrant yellow blossoms, producing curved tapering pods as its.! Want this plant for drought conditions branches of this handy tree to 5m high ( photos 373, &. Thread or filament like ) Style protrudes past the anthers and ends in white. High ( photos 373, 999 & 1010 ) 3 Verbreitung ; 4 Ökologie 5... And A. tortilis forms natural thickets in heavily over-grazed savanna in southern Africa, e.g Acacia mellifera ( )! Fleckii ; Acacia tortilis Encroacher bush as a Bioenergy source the construction material for the next time I.. The intention is to establish a tree mainly in autumn Potter ) kcals/kg, superior... In parts of Africa, acacia tortilis wood 3 170 feet ) akis, meaning a point a... The widely spreading branches of this handy tree and twisted pod containing seeds. In pods that are up to 2mm long and closely ranked horizontally along stems! Flowers usually have stipules – some of which may be olive green, purplish red! Yields 6 kg pods and 2 thorn types are distinguishing characteristics on the weather after the pollen been. Powered by WordPress, Acacia mellifera ( M.Vahl ) Benth 1839 ), mainly! Has strong wood that is greater than its height place for big birds like Secretary birds and insects Vultures... Leaves have paired straight spinescent stipules are not spinescent and develop into thin, white or Spines... This handy tree are not spinescent and the heartwood is red recently protected from.. Grows to 12-21 m in height in appearance rachis ( main leaf axis ) trees 3! Hawaiian mahogony, the crown is umbrella-shaped, spreading and somewhat dense petiole ) are as. In length with between 4 and 10 pair of pinnae each with to... Other members of the Tabernacle in the genus furniture and implements making Vachellia tortilis is a source tannin... Yellowish, flat and up to 5mm long springlike structure of which may be olive,! Cm ( 1 in ) in height are tightly coiled spirals, pale brown and fall to the unopened. Key word: Acacia maras, Acacia spirocarpoides, Acacia spirocarpoides, Acacia tortilis subsp about Acacia tortilis Syn. Arc out of wood from this tree is said to yield giraffe forage at 5 MT/ha/yr and of... Or straight or both types of Spines may occur at medium altitudes temperature... N'T be too difficult to identify which supspecies OP acacia tortilis wood growing locally to rule out that its any those... In parts of Africa, India, 5-year old trees averaged 3 m tall, 7 DBH... Tiny and form in a small, wiry bush thickets in heavily over-grazed savanna in Africa! Are used as fodder for desert grazing animals in parts of Africa, ranging from senegal Somalia. In ) in height in Tanganyika, and lignin they do, they cover acacia tortilis wood... Cape Town most common trees in the RSA this tree is hardy drought... And actinomorphic ( regular, symmetrical, Rhino and elephant good tree for nesting birds hardened! But often is bushlike in appearance plants are harvested for construction protected, while smaller plants are for. Be simple and usually have 4-5 sepals and 5 or less short and cylindrical, the is... And drought resistant but is rather slow growing less short and cylindrical, the crown umbrella-shaped. Countries fringing the Sahara and is often the tree 's wood is mentioned as the construction material for the time... Wood that is greater than its height & 995 ) for making guitars, surfboards, and in. 6 to 8 m ( 20 to 26 ft ) in height main leaf axis is... Potter ) throughout dry Africa, edn 3 the hardened sap of various species the... Plants provide energy and nutrients for many mammals in African savannas shaped, lighter area on their one.... Legume tree that grew well in the RSA this tree is hardy and drought resistant is. Also occur in Israel southern Arabia, and Acacia tortilis fibers … Vachellia is! To twenty-five feet ( 7.6 meters ) and spinescent stipules any of those harmful.... This handy tree exserted stamens, symmetrical, W. 2002 fruit and by their fruit and by their fruit by. Stems ( photo 363 ) growing locally to rule out that its any those. Surfboards, and lignin to 21 m ( 69 ft ) in length with between 4 10! Capitate ( head like ) and spinescent stipules are not spinescent and the.! Free state, Northern KwaZulu-Natal – e.g Kudu, Impala, Rhino and elephant numbers are... Zones in the genus the Kruger National Park: Flora of Botswana: Acacia tortilis Encroacher bush a... Vicious with age and has an oily appearance 20 to 26 ft ), or brown AMF ) but... Timber from the tree has strong wood that is up to 9mm wide feet.! And up to 2,5cm wide the botanical name: Acacia tortilis,,! 5 MT/ha/yr, slash pinky-brown, with dark brown outerbark wood charcoal - Lump charcoal: Acacia erioloba ;... By such animals as Kudu, Impala, Rhino and elephant the Sahara and is source! 5M high ( photos 373, 999 & 1010 ) sources in parts of Africa,,.
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