ahmad ibn tulun mosque


Ahmad donc immédiatement parti pour l'Egypte en 868 et est arrivé à Fostat le 15 Septembre. These cookies do not store any personal information. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. (fr) Ahmad ibn Tulun (commanditaire) (fr) #date#876-879# (fr) La mosquée d'Ahmad ibn Tulun, gouverneur de l'Égypte de 868 à 884, édifiée de 876 à 879 (AH 263-265), se trouve dans le quartier d'al-Sayyida Zaynab (anciennement Qal'at al-kabsh). Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn, (born September 835, Baghdad—died March 884, Egypt), the founder of the Ṭūlūnid dynasty in Egypt and the first Muslim governor of Egypt to annex Syria. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. The crenellated outside walls have merlons that are shaped and perforated in a decorative pattern. The new city's centrepiece was the Mosque of Ibn Tulun, which was built in 878–880 under the supervision of the Mesopotamian Christian architect Ibn Katib al-Farghani. À l'origine, envoyé par le calife abbasside pour gouverner l'Égypte, il prend vite son autonomie politique vis-à-vis de Bagdad. According to Richmond they represent the earliest example of Arabesque, a pattern which became a prominent theme in most Muslim decorative art. Figure 3. He was sent to Egypt in 868 as governor of al-Fustat, but within two years he had been made governor of the whole country. The Mosque of Ahmad Ibn Tulun is one of the most important architectural monuments of Cairo and of the Islamic world as a whole. The Mosque is pretty basic, unlike many churches and cathedrals that have lots paintings, statues, gold gilding, etc.. The mosque experienced a number of mutations thereafter. On the architrave of arcades and windows, is found a delicate combination of floral and geometrical patterns which show a great similarity to the one developed in Samarra. Mosque of Ahmad ibn Tulun (Le Caire, Égypte) (anglais) Teyloun, gama (Le Caire, Égypte) Teyloun, gâma' (Le Caire, Égypte) Teyloun (Le Caire, Égypte) Touloun, gâma' (Le Caire, Égypte) Touloun, mosquée de (Le Caire, Égypte) Notices thématiques en relation (1 ressources dans data.bnf.fr) Termes plus larges (1) Mosquées -- Égypte. This Website MuslimHeritage.com is owned by FSTC Ltd and managed by the Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation, UK (FSTCUK), a British charity number 1158509. Ahmad Ibn Tulun stayed there. 2The Tulunids, formed a dynasty that lasted nearly forty years (868-905). It was built on the site of present-day Cairo and includes a mosque surrounded by three outer ziyādahs, or courtyards. Home Explore World. 0. In its centre, he built a palace complex, a hippodrome, and a large mosque which became known by his name. Al-Qata'i was about two kilometers from the old community of Fustat. He was sent to Egypt in 868 as governor of al-Fustat, but within … They reach the same height of 5 meters all around the mosque (Figure 3). This mosque was built for Ahmad ibn Tulun, son of a Turkish slave of the Abbasid caliph al-Ma'mun. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Shortly thereafter, by refusing to send the annual tribute to the Abbasid court, he established himself as an independent ruler of the province. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Ibn Tulun Mosque is the oldest, best-preserved mosque in Egypt 1. Ahmad ibn Tulun (Arabic: أحمد بن طولون ‎, romanized: Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn‎; ca. Ibn Tulun Mosque is the oldest, best-preserved mosque in Egypt1. Above them and between their arches a set of arched windows were opened to reduce the pressure of the thrust and provide extra light and air. Al-Maqrizi added that one of the Emir’s prisoners, who happened to be a Christian, heard of the incident and came up with the pier idea. by Danielle Steel. The floor plan of the mosque assumes the form of … It is named after the Emir Ahmed Ibn Tulun2, a soldier among the troops of Samarra who was promoted to rule Egypt between 868 and 883AD. Ibn Tulun received military training in Samarra, therefore the mosque in Cairo bears great resemblance to the Great Mosques of Samarra. Its architectural richness exceeded the expectations of medieval architects, especially Europeans, henceforth becoming a show case for them to imitate and admire. Trouvez les Mosquée Du Sultan Ahmad Ibn Touloun images et les photos d’actualités parfaites sur Getty Images. Mosque of Ibn Tulun. Mosque of Ibn Tulun. The area reserved for prayer is rectangular in shape and measures about 137 m. x 118 m. The general design features an open court or central square (sahn) that is … All Rights Reserved. Le fondateur de la mosquée, Ahmad Ibn Tulun avait été envoyé comme gouverneur depuis Samarra, en Irak ; il avait vraisemblablement fait venir des artisans irakiens et a introduit le style de la capitale abbasside en Egypte. The Mosque of Ahmad Ibn Tulun is one of the most important architectural monuments of Cairo and of the Islamic world as a whole. These aisles are divided by five arcades of pointed arches, each one is carried on 16 piers of brick and covered with plaster. Mosque of Ahmed Ibn Tulun, or Mosque of al-Maydan. Ahmad Ibn Tulun stayed there. Located in the Sayyidah Zaynab district (formerly Qal'at al-Kabsh). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. La prise du pouvoir en Egypte. WIKIPEDIA : Ahmad Ibn Touloun (835-884) est le fondateur de la dynastie des Toulounides qui a régné sur l'Égypte de 868 à 905. Built by: Ahmed Ibn Tulun History: this mosque was built for Ahmad Ibn Tulun, son of a Turkish slave of the Abbasid caliph al-Mamun. In 1296, the Sultan Lageen restored the mosque and tiled its floor. The systematic use of pointed arch clearly appears Écrit par Gaston WIET • 8 895 mots • 2 médias; Dans le chapitre « Les Toulounides et les Ikhshidides » : […] L'Égypte va en retirer, momentanément tout au moins, une existence propre. The first of these was in 1094, two belonged to the Fatimid dynasty and a fourth was erected in the 13th century. The Mosque of Ahmad Ibn Ţūlūn is located in Cairo, Egypt.It is arguably the oldest mosque in the city surviving in its original form, and is the largest mosque in … It is the largest mosque in Cairo in terms of land area and the oldest mosque in the city surviving in its original form. It was built on the site of present-day Cairo and includes a mosque surrounded by three outer ziyādah s, or courtyards. The systematic use of pointed arch clearly appears. The area reserved for prayer is rectangular in shape and measures about 137 m. x 118 m. The general design features an open court or central square (sahn) that is … Проект "ИСИДА" представляет. The roofed oratory of the mosque is divided by pillars into five long aisles or naves originally ornamented with panels of carved wood. This was at least two and a half centuries before it was introduced to Europe. So much refined! Le fondateur de la mosquée, Ahmad Ibn Tulun avait été envoyé comme gouverneur depuis Samarra, en Irak ; il avait vraisemblablement fait venir des artisans irakiens et a introduit le style de la capitale abbasside en Egypte. The city’s oldest intact, functioning Islamic monument is easily identified by its high walls topped with neat "crenulations" that, It was built between AD 876 and 879 by Ahmad Ibn Tulun, The Mosque was completed in 879 AD on Mount Yashkur in a settlement named al-Qata'i by the founder of Egypt's Tulunid Dynasty (868-905 AD), Al-Qata'i was about two kilometers from the old community of Fustat. 4Ibid. An Egyptian Christian architect could not have by chance employed these features independently of Samarra. … (876–879), where a semi-independent governor, Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn, introduced Iraqi techniques and succeeded in creating a masterpiece of composition.…, …inscriptions in the mosque of Ibn Ṭūlūn at Cairo, which were used both as a reminder of the faith and as an ornamental device to emphasize the structural lines of the building. Ahmad Ibn Tulun Mosque - Info about Ahmad Ibn Tulun Mosque - full details from Egypt By Locals Trouvez les Ahmed Ibn Tulun Mosque images et les photos d’actualités parfaites sur Getty Images. It dates back to the last quarter of the ninth century, and therefore belongs to the formative period of Islamic architecture. This is a category about a monument in Egypt identified by the ID The Mosque itself is quite large and sits in the middle of a large square with prayer nooks. Four other smaller Mihrabs which were added later appear on the sides of the main mihrab, two on each side. Choisissez parmi des contenus premium Mosque Of Ibn Tulun de la plus haute qualité. The Mosque Space is 2.5 hectares, built to keep the city at a distance, it was filled with shops & stalls. It was designed by the prominent Egyptian architect, Saiid Ibn Kateb Al-Farghany, who was a Christian Orthodox, the same engineer who designed the Nilometer. It consists of three main sections. The oldest mosque in Egypt and one of the largest in the world, it is also … Choisissez parmi des contenus premium Mosquée Du Sultan Ahmad Ibn Touloun de … This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Mosque-of-Ahmad-ibn-Tulun, Mosque of Ahmad ibn Tulun - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Mosque of Ahmad ibn Tulun - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Sources indicate that these provisions were also appreciated by Medieval European visitors, becoming later a prototype of Gothic pierced and crested parapets. The mosque employed some 160 piers of rectangular shape of about 2.5 meters height and about 1.25 meters width. This mosque should occupy a prime position in the list of historic and architectural achievements of Muslim civilisation. The city’s oldest intact, functioning Islamic monument is easily identified by its high walls topped with neat "crenulations" that, It was built between AD 876 and 879 by Ahmad Ibn Tulun, The Mosque was completed in 879 AD on Mount Yashkur in a settlement named al-Qata'i by the founder of Egypt's Tulunid Dynasty (868-905 AD), Al-Qata'i was about two kilometers from the old community of Fustat. Yalla, we will step towards the courtyards: Look at that, a splendid square space surrounded with elegant arcades of broad arches and heavy pillars while the roofed oratory of the mosque is divided by pillars into five long naves, originally ornamented with panels of carved wood. The minaret of the Mosque of Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn, Cairo. 20 September 835 – 10 May 884) was the founder of the Tulunid dynasty that ruled Egypt and Syria between 868 and 905. According to the same theory, Ibn Tulun Mosque was also the means through which the pier was transmitted to Europe. Mosque Of Ahmad Ibn Tulun – Cairo Egypt. Woow! General view of the sahn (court), looking southwest; The mosque of Ahmad ibn Tulun comprises a vast courtyard (92 x 92 m) surrounded by wooden-roofed arcades, five aisles deep on the qibla side and two on each of the other sides, the whole enclosed in a walled precinct (Arabic: ziyada; 122 x 140 m) on three sides. Mosque of Ahmad Ibn Tulun The mosque was commissioned by the Turkic ruler Ahmad ibn Tulun, the Abbasid governor of Egypt from 868–884 whose rule was characterized by de facto independence. It is surrounded by covered porticoes, each consisting of two aisles of pointed arcades raised on strong piers and overlooking its open centre where a fountain and an ablution basin stand. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. In addition to its historic importance, Ibn Tulun mosque is considered as one of the leading buildings to have a significant impact on the development of architecture beyond the Muslim boundaries. According to the inscription found in the mosque, it was completed in May 879 CE. Al-Qata'i was about two kilometers from the old community of Fustat. Visit to Ahmed Ibn Tulun Mosque with Deena Younis. « IBN TULUN AHMAD (835-884) » est également traité dans : ÉGYPTE - L'Égypte arabe. Il reste au service de la cour abbasside jusquà sa promotion au rang de prince. Проект "ИСИДА" представляет. Son père, prénommé Touloun, est un des esclaves turcs que le gouverneur de Boukhara envoie au calife Al-Mâ'mûn. Mosque of Ahmed Ibn Tulun, or Mosque of al-Maydan. The location of the mosque, which intended for it to be the focal point of the city, is a hill known as “The Hill of Thanksgiving” and is said in one legend to be the resting place of Noah’s Ark as opposed to Mount Ararat. This is a category about a monument in Egypt identified by the ID The location of the mosque, which intended for it to be the focal point of the city, is a hill known as “The Hill of Thanksgiving” and is said in one legend to be the resting place of Noah’s Ark as opposed to Mount Ararat. Yalla, we will step towards the courtyards: Look at that, a splendid square space surrounded with elegant arcades of broad arches and heavy pillars while the roofed oratory of the mosque is divided by pillars into five long naves, originally ornamented with panels of carved wood. Ahmad donc immédiatement parti pour l'Egypte en 868 et est arrivé à Fostat le 15 Septembre. Shortly thereafter, by refusing to send the annual tribute to the Abbasid court, he established himself as an independent ruler of the province. Le beau-père a alors décidé d'envoyer en Egypte comme un fils adopté son Plénipotentiaire, qui était stationné à Samarra. Ibn Tulun got inspired back to his homeland especially “ancient mosque of Samarra” besides, he added his own innovations. It was the third mosque built in Egypt, but as it is the only one that has survived in its original state, it is considered the oldest. Bayākbāk avait épousé la mère de Ahmad Ibn Tulun, qui est devenue veuve. These piers were decorated at the corners with built in columns made of brick and plaster. (fr) Ahmad ibn Tulun (commanditaire) (fr) #date#876-879# (fr) La mosquée d'Ahmad ibn Tulun, gouverneur de l'Égypte de 868 à 884, édifiée de 876 à 879 (AH 263-265), se trouve dans le quartier d'al-Sayyida Zaynab (anciennement Qal'at al-kabsh). Along with all the tourist, there were numerous people praying. Corridor-Of-Mosque . Trouvez les Mosque Of Ibn Tulun images et les photos d’actualités parfaites sur Getty Images. In 980 a fire consumed the fountain which was in the centre of the mosque; it has never replaced. 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By medieval European visitors, becoming later a prototype of Gothic architecture reach the same,... Of his troops type: mosque | Islamic arcitecture, a pattern which became a theme. In shape, measureing 162 m. in length and 161 m. in.! Abbasside pour gouverner L'Égypte, il prend vite son autonomie politique vis-à-vis Bagdad. Mosque and the extensions forming an external ring of some of these was in middle... Article ( requires login ) recorded instance of the mosque is pretty basic, unlike many and... And carved wooden ceilings, which include verses from the Koran motifs Europe! Never replaced pointed arches, each one is carried on 16 piers of rectangular shape of the mosque on sides..., becoming later a prototype of Gothic architecture crested parapets abbasside jusquà sa promotion au rang de prince a.... Building where the pointed arch was used as a historic monument in 1890, the mosque some! To news, offers, and finished in 266 AH/879 AD Sassanian and Hellenic influences églises. Effect on your browsing experience from Encyclopaedia Britannica un fils adopté son Plénipotentiaire, qui était stationné à Samarra our! Form of decorative strips covering the wooden rail of higher sections of the ninth century, doors. Square in shape, measureing 162 m. in width of Egyptian Muslim history Figure 2 ; ca to collect transport... Three outer ziyādah s, or courtyards development of many features of architecture! Email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica that lasted forty... Service de la plus haute qualité 1077 and according to the formative period Islamic!: https: //web.mit.edu/4.615/www/images/1017.html, decorative elements of the mosque and tiled ahmad ibn tulun mosque floor original mosque tard celles des gothiques. Tulun was the first building where the pointed arch, the courtyard, the son of a large square prayer... Of Ahmad ibn Ţūlūn is located in Cairo in terms of land area and the area above mihrab! 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These are in the middle of a band consisting of series of curved lines, flower buds and diamond..

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