emergency drugs and their uses pdf


About 68% of the drug abusers had taken drugs for 2-5 years and 38% had taken three drugs during their life time. Both have advantages and disadvantages. Common drugs used in the. 218 0 obj <>stream IM Direct injection into the muscle. 2008-06-23T18:53:43-07:00 [\7k����Oc־���I�������?g[=i51Zz���Dm��'ۄ�&�s�ߎ��1|Ǧ���Bs&���,4e�Q�B+�EO ���I�D�ӄ�\NK&�yi=���,�)M^b�M�l�\�0�u�YC�)�~�*��}U��ge��׮�X�P6�a�ԕ� u9�O]YԻ��I�X�z�����R���Z�t��961$��؁`�FM�g�M�齮�Z��)�. 0000001442 00000 n Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Emergency drug doses - CPG. N�g�ύ���Z���G� ��ԣX���c�(Z�� y�0�'T�X+��p��'�ӏq3S��ώ��M8�B)C��gY��-�8�/Qn�x���4�S��v'�C^%�Whl'��Qm�f�]�M����� /�U�$q�~�Ջ�6>g5��3BX߁�������!F(��G� ��g(7��6�D�V�Z���W�aftc�kv�^_�ir5c�+"Xf��eq��'(߉���=(P�=,�P����ca����s ���`�p��etѓ�QD� �~��|�rt�6�zx ���6bO �9o|Z����P\wu��4�np����T��㋅�9���ƒe9/C#����F�u_$�;�Y�;�J����q�J&�Q#�G3rZ��'f,}��%$��1c��S�$j��H��]����-��Dcƨ43�h��.�Z�D�����>P8?uj�H�5N�~hL�T��`ES%$%:(5Ky������ż�ў=D~R�Q �`��.j�_��~���?t d��w{Lz���19���O����g'�9�*��h�(ۉ��ۤ�z�n�駱�6:��rj�k2���̣��`�)�3ȏ>O�ؖ vώ� 0000002701 00000 n drugs used in emergency cases 1. pharmacist:pharmacist: ridha mohammad harekaridha mohammad hareka 2. oxygen drugs for cardiac disorders drugs for poisoning drugs for shock drugs for hypertensive crisis and pulmonary edema 3. \>I@Ʉ���"�j9� Allergy: To treat allergy and hypersensitivity following drugs are commonly used in emergency department of a hospital Hydrocortisone sodium succinate injection, 100mg powder for reconstitution Adrenaline 1 in 1,000 (1mg/mL) Chlorphenamine tablets 4mg Chlorphenamine injection 10mg/mL To reduce pain (Painkillers): Paracetamol tablets 500mg Dihydrocodeine tablets 30mg Cyclimorph® … 0000002472 00000 n ���x21� � '�� Dentists can prepare their own individualized emergency drug kit or purchase a proprietary kit. MOH Pocket Manual in Emergency cardiac emergency 6. Memo., Combatting the National Drug Demand and Opioid Crisis, 82 FR 50305, Oct. 26, 2017 (instructing the HHS Secretary to declare a Public Health Emergency to combat the opioid crisis); and Proc. endstream endobj 4480 0 obj <>stream Experimental: Experimental drug use is when young people try a drug a few times.Why might they do this? It does not include antibiotics and it does not include many important pediatric drugs. Consent, Capacity and Restraint of Adults, Adolescents and Children in Emergency Departments (July 2013) 4 Reason for development Patients requiring care at the Emergency Department present particular challenges to ensure valid consent. Curiosity,risk taking,influence from friends.Use is often unplanned or impulsive. AGE: Wt (Kg) Read the text below before using this calculator. %%EOF Generally, the goal of using emergency drugs is to prevent the patient from deteriorating to an arrest situation. Often a painful mode of administration, and provides a slow route of absorption. 203 0 obj <> endobj 0000005033 00000 n 0000000616 00000 n uuid:2070BD0E9041DD11A958EAB394CAE8EF 0000000016 00000 n • Be able to calculate days-supply and dosage for commonly used drugs. In hospital care for STEMI: • Assess and stabilize airway, breathing, and circulation. Emergency drug doses - CPG. 8443, Declaration of a National Emergency With Respect to the 2009 H1N1 Influenza Pandemic, 74 FR 55439, Oct. 23, 2009. 2008-06-23T18:53:43-07:00 @7��j�\3Ɂ�Wp#� ?��/~NI���H*�����/�_��KSB;r�p���p,Qt�/g��ayW!n�H U�n��ʞ/���r�����&rw!�?�4�{ߠ1�d+����� �'Abg`�M�M$�ꠦv��'Z�$�Kf� ]�}�$̡qy�;�3��A_�o�p�3��Y�G>A�����H��� 1?`��ti?R7Ż���X���h����3ݗ���R "0/+��G�c��Z��"�0?��39CN����2���d%��̅��`���>�7ܱ����܁}c�c��ǚ�r�&� +�P�%�Zȁ�k�ob,l��/�h��9m��@���>�{��,K�JY��d�ݻ����/��3�X�Y��F����!O�,k���**���ĭ��J1�{E�a@F����F��������q8�JI�"yQ�|E�!�L • Know how to use inhalers and aerosol devices. For a drug to be useful in emergency, it must have a short onset of action and be administered in such a way as to facilitate rapid onset of action 4. 311.8099976 0 0 425.1999969 0 0 cm xref §§ startxref �� �� |�Pْ8q�H�o�}�����7έ�\���q2�a�`?g?f?`�P��/��Y���\c.2��Vf��q02r�̒s���*�&�$Q�� �$�HG4�Q}�#���oٜ��5�r�,�3p �P,g�xP͵��rU&��EW���,d�@Xu��J���e�B�jVe��U�U*L�Y�4ϲ������]fT��P�����������De���Y�/��*ç������g��gI�+UȨ*p)lgI����f�����K����_�����eju��W�Y>�f�Ȗ�o���E��2-��f�Z���� ��-|E�����[:��OJw�Ϛ����nN�0K4/�w`+� �� ���H�����n��\@y5�3�P�ii+�)�i=�Y�f�2A~����:B{Z�w���H��y؄4�{a��O���C=�q�e�͠cB����8��� �I2u���I$��Ô���>!$�hs��e�H��[�]�V}M����Vl�.l˛����!�����"e@q��. • Be able to use abbreviations and medical terminology used in association with drug therapy. The following are antidotes that should be familiarized by the nurse to respond to this emergency situation quickly. 0000001661 00000 n 4483 0 obj <>stream POSTPARTUM HAEMORRHAGE Ergometrine and oxytocin differ in their digoxin, theophylline), particularly … Emergency Routes of administration IV Intravenous administration is when the drug is given in liquid form directly into a vein. x�b```f``����������xX����c>p�����F�j�����L3Y��f�Z��-���Y. Drugs may be used to modify uterine contractions. uuid:1C70BD0E9041DD11A958EAB394CAE8EF 360bbb-3) for an investigational vaccine to prevent COVID-19, including chemistry, ���!��,���5n�Q�y>+Q^g��J��-�����:�fS��٭nX���H��7�)���i�\�\.7zbbq���_�/�8H�Ɔ�䡡�'�(� " Ą�җ+@ �@8�ȹz����d�-lt�9����n�� kt:ߪ��U�Z�i�M�=lh�4H�F�JcdQa�")�H2�Ȅ|ɶX�/G͊(91QD��y!B�В��']����R�b(4i }������|9t����z�a�{����2K�&�~�ޠ(��G}����JC�\踄��s endstream endobj 4477 0 obj <>/Metadata 365 0 R/Outlines 412 0 R/PageLabels 4452 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 4454 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/StructTreeRoot 437 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 4478 0 obj <>>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> endobj 4479 0 obj <>stream 0000004227 00000 n Understand information about the decision to be 2. DRUG IDENTIFICATION GUIDE The Emergency Drug Index is a list of commonly prescribed medications that are used in prehospital care; it is not intended to be a complete guide to all emergency medi-cations. trailer 0000002092 00000 n 0 %PDF-1.6 %���� 256,257,258,259,262,274,277,284,530,531,282,283,296,301,318,319,529,532,306,270,271,272,305,315,33432;C97174CCD5E16668257F70997F9D87FB to support the issuance of an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) under section 564 of the FD&C Act (21 U.S.C. Uses: *Tx for anaphylatic shock *Vasoconstrictor *Increase glycogenolysis and the release of glucose from the liver *Affects adrenergic responses *Can stop epistaxis *Drug commonly used for inital tx of cardiac arrest *Should not be used I/T if heart is still beating *Stimulates heart contractions and blood flow to vital organs The patient’s code status (if known). The emergency drugs used for allergy are: Pheniramine Maleate (Avil)- Anti-histamine drug used for allergic conditions such as hayfever, runny nose, itching skin and skin rashes Hydrocortisone 100mg (Efcorlin)- Corticosteroid used for allergies, arthritis, asthma, multiple sclerosis, and … Special precautions and close monitoring of the patient are required. VŸ�,�:ܿ,��@�Mq1Q��N_CԞ-_&��R�����n��? To produce a state of prolonged full surgical anaesthesia reliably and safely, a variety of drugs is needed. 3000000/10000 � H H ���� JFIF H H �� Adobe_CM �� Adobe d� �� � endstream endobj 204 0 obj <> endobj 205 0 obj <> endobj 206 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 207 0 obj <> endobj 208 0 obj <> endobj 209 0 obj <> endobj 210 0 obj <> endobj 211 0 obj <> endobj 212 0 obj <>stream (Box 2) A person is unable to make a 1. h��X{P[י��}��d��@l BI��H ��[���`��1q�6~�&a̺�C�߹n�6ͦ����|���s���:� 203 16 �� � u" �� ��? D#��i� y9� endstream endobj 213 0 obj <> endobj 214 0 obj <> endobj 215 0 obj <> endobj 216 0 obj <> endobj 217 0 obj <>stream Physicians of all specialties prescribe drugs on a daily basis, and therefore they need to understand the mode and action by which drugs exert their therapeutic effects. Pres. 42 U.S.C. These drugs may be fatal if used inappropriately and should be used by non– Yhi��"�4����EĒ�)T�j;��J�2��`��S��х_���Z}��j�����^���O��5^�5uw`�£�7�}�7�#��s�F�_���Qo|�D2 �u�a��}%O:8�v\�xq��6�C�u%~�{Ax��� ���eR������?M���_f�o���Zb�AK��Q ��#��O��&75�>a��|�U[n/)�ו�qj��3�C���M�����t�O#s� s�>��� s%��Pn-� +� �r%0�F���U�q�T"��ўaR�+�����ʰ`��y�AJ�А�Hb[/%&5s�B�%4n��IAq�E{o=9�ގ��.6��a�ʖ0�� ����|�t��LmUA���ǶU�N��`��͍���ܰ�,ג�P����{���u��}o׏�*�>�����W^��=����+hi��n���T�KB�=/���B��X�xh�2�L>��B 2008-06-23T18:53:43-07:00 %%EOF These include oxytocic drugs used to stimulate uterine contractions both in induction of labour and to control postpartum haemorrhage and beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists used to relax the uterus and prevent premature labour. This post will help you familiarize yourself with the common antidotes that are used in the hospital setting. Use the weight closest to the patient's if you know it, otherwise select the patient's age. 0000004789 00000 n Adobe Photoshop CS3 Windows Following Emergency drugs are used in cardiovascular emergencies CORONARY PAIN SYNDROMES : It is a group of conditions due to decreased blood flow in the coronary arteries such that part of the heart muscle is unable to function properly or dies.It refers to a spectrum of clinical manifestations associated with myocardial infarction and angina. Drugs used in Anaesthesia. Family contacts for supplemental information and family mem - bers who may be on their way to the ED, as they may be help-ful in completing or verifying the history. Use this {C}XA�[���w�p�q2�ĉ�aH j� Z�f��MD��5�3���g���k�t��Y6���43^�A��2NZ��hI Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 7 Dec 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Dec 2020), ASHP … endstream endobj startxref 0000003977 00000 n This is often done by placing a venous catheter to allow easy administration. image/jpeg April 2005: Partnership for a Drug-Free America released the findings of its survey, which determined that 10% (2.3 million) of teens had abused Ritalin and Adderall.16 February 25, 2006: A study in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence revealed that seven million Americans were estimated to have abused stimulant drugs and a substantial This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. h�bbd`b`�db`�ab`8 Geneva: WHO; 1989 for more detailed information. /Im0 Do This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. 1.4 Opioid Analgesics Opioid agents are mainly used for their analgesic and sedative actions. Patients often attend in a crisis; have their capacity impaired by therapeutic or recreational drugs. <<2E9E2776CAED814588384273145B1958>]>> 4476 0 obj <> endobj Please note that this is not meant to represent every drug an EP should know. In dealing with a young person’s substance misuse it may be helpful to try and gauge what stage their use of drugs is at. %PDF-1.4 %���� 3000000/10000 Stage 1 Does the person or disturbance of the functioning of their mind or brain? sZ�$@K�30���mr`kUx�9DɈ$0�`U�00u���q��G܁��k�s���ĦW��e�2l��P� u���@� ����#7(��@� ��� h��TMHTQ=������I�q$�ɦ�L�hZS�5��Q�"�I�(-h��"|��M���PDž�‹^0gxDD�"� Q Making one’s own emergency drug kit is likely to be less expensive than a proprietary kit, however one must go to the “trouble” of procuring the drugs. �v���5�m�S�7�t�\hu���ž�9�Y�f�Y��$��j�IKbC�)���2)'Ր�:CXy�aI�E�%W/���̜ ����yPV,���f{��� ��bn�.Z]W=���dN����*m�(+�oKH"~�)/^�Ŏ��k��G. 0000001527 00000 n 0000001785 00000 n Drugs included in this index are listed alphabetically by generic name. hޔ�Mo�0���>v�0�G�p�@L�8-�i��%��!���� ��%Jb%~l��x�&�n�'_��� �oAH�g��ҡ,j^~��KQƒ�'TgT���#A�U8q���&�^�}h%\�Y�����`$PT�3M�^9u��t&��v��T��~Ze��14u8��0m�uO T�_�h�g�D,����s܄C�I���$��#W!�d5R�9�֠Ҡ��*�)_cW�.�"�b�5W���sX�]FQJY $�T�����u8�B����B�����?��/� ���8 The major influencing factor for taking drugs was for peer pressure. ��^`������ҷߏ=�"y7����ީ| v��l�>�;�F� ��;z�/����|��gxS�%f@r �W��m�W�� v�z���qY| �s�sZg����4{ >�?��������>�O�z��m��υ�oFy営�vӿO�X.G����m��7^�O�x�@{����-�����}�$���{F-�lb�%!�X�cDŽu�. reporting lifetime use of drugs during various years from 1975 through 1994.....60 Table 22 Percentage of American Indians and non-Indian high school seniors who have ever tried drugs in their lifetime and in the past month: 1991–93.....61 Table 23 Percentage of American Indian 4th–6th graders reporting lifetime use 50 DRUGS EVERY EMERGENCY PHYSICIAN SHOULD KNOW Thanks for using this guide. �B��J`Z)4M�`F̠40C �FC텘�������1�:�CaN�٨�'��-�v�yP�1�A�/�58 f�Tn�4��Nq��z ��Q��5ؠ��@ r%(� ���� Adobe d �� JFIF ,, ��Exif MM * b j( 1 r2 ��i � � -�� ' -�� 'Adobe Photoshop CS3 Windows 2008:06:23 18:53:43 � �� � � � &( . 1 For additional drug information, consult other standard references. 0 uuid:1F70BD0E9041DD11A958EAB394CAE8EF 3300 Drug or alcohol intoxication. endstream endobj 4481 0 obj <>stream 4482 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<660F15BD56575F6797C22DF119AF5FF1>]/Index[4476 8]/Info 4475 0 R/Length 40/Prev 1551611/Root 4477 0 R/Size 4484/Type/XRef/W[1 2 0]>>stream Preparation of the Emergency Drug Kit. q Only use the 1:1,000 (1 mg/ml) for continuous infusion solutions NEVER inject into an artery Do not mix with bicarbonate Effectiveness of drug increases if acidosis is corrected May mix dose volume with 3-5 ml NS 3 !1AQa"q�2���B#$R�b34r��C%�S���cs5���&D�TdE£t6�U�e���u��F'���������������Vfv��������7GWgw�������� 5 !1AQaq"2����B#�R��3$b�r��CScs4�%���&5��D�T�dEU6te����u��F���������������Vfv��������'7GWgw������� ? 7. a) Use drugs that can be measured to monitor therapeutic drug levels. Introduction Emergency drugs are chemical compounds used in patients during life threatening conditions so that the symptoms can be controlled and the life of a patient can be saved. �YDE�ɾ3o7��j�+>t�ݿ�����wKʩ}�8�__m�����}�2��_[�Z��K�(�K��],`Y��9dB�X�҈.�D�'�Bce�%\F_P��b�TŠ3R0$u�| -�d�X�8��6GNTTKc~��)@�RQ���r�H�\$����c��y�!7� ?��l��m]O{y��ۇ;�� Y��>���CC��i5�mv��5�+�#v�밫�\�H���i/TgՌ5{��m}�if�����4V�(7���W�#�Q�x�� ɠ�u5=!#'�^×�>��!1tL�.S"���������b2�7���yF/!����con��x���W_�[SXTYn�T���8e�����;��%���ށ������Lz\+�F����j���T����yi#K���Z��DP�ѨVP2��%��'1��G,�Z���G��|��_�UZkLխ��u�L��T���ir�H�a��J2>�D� �}�*�f������m�YFڵ�ډ���*H�&���IF� 0000003054 00000 n -��^ ���G�D*�O�>-��P�q�ꌭ�����'�ʼn�9Qf��m=�-�����;p�(�� F�؍:LQ^,�=ؿ�F�Q9��A΋���˜ I qDFDp>�O�w0�]��?�w�܆[�&�?���%���*\�Yx.�8�p�����0��F`"� b) Avoid drugs with narrow therapeutic indices (e.g. This article helps nurses who don’t work in ICUs or EDs to understand emergency drugs and their use. Under normal circumstances, a registered nurse (RN) needs a physician’s order to administer medications. ... Doses may need to be modified if drugs are used in combination. An antidote is a substance that can counteract a form of poisoning. of the drugs that cause oculogyric crisis so a repeat oral dose should be given 4 hours after the initial dose. This is simply a quick guide to many of the common and life saving drugs that we use every day. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. The term antidote is a Greek word meaning “given against”. 36864,40960,40961,37121,37122,40962,40963,37510,40964,36867,36868,33434,33437,34850,34852,34855,34856,37377,37378,37379,37380,37381,37382,37383,37384,37385,37386,37396,41483,41484,41486,41487,41488,41492,41493,41495,41728,41729,41730,41985,41986,41987,41988,41989,41990,41991,41992,41993,41994,41995,41996,42016,0,2,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,20,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,30;0D4C3CD8A24A872C73530E7DBF4FA9AA (Box 1) YES Stage 2 Box 2 Does the impairment or disturbance of their mind or brain mean that the person is unable to make a particular decision? 4 3 The main side effects of these drugs are respiratory depression, hypotension, nausea, vomiting, and … �j���'�[`�z�}� Y�.�m��o�� ��\�}z.TG�'duV�=k���`Q�mPS>��"����SP;�k[Z޳W#j�e?�\/`���o�.�5�R� ����$����p޳��1$Ca���ڀ^ y�0�ҙ�\ĭ�����AQ{D�����I�pƒWV ���(i0J�K�� ZB1@)c(���T� -1 PO By mouth (Per Orum). 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Preparation of the patient from deteriorating to an arrest situation: Wt ( Kg Read... Capacity impaired emergency drugs and their uses pdf therapeutic or recreational drugs the initial dose: • Assess and stabilize airway breathing.

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