when to apply second coat of stain on deck


Even optimal deck finishing and refinishing does require ongoing effort. The images below a composite deck transplant job with invisible fasteners and edge details applied to the boards. My current favourite composite is TREX. In the Akzo-Nobel tests, chemical deck washes and dedicated mill-glaze removers were pitted against pressure-washing regimes using plain water and water-plus-cleaning agents. Click on each “essential” for the full story: Deck Stain Essential#1: Sand or pressure wash-and-sand before applying anything. You hear this all the time, but what does it really mean? Exactly how you strip depends on the size of the deck and the equipment you have available. It all comes down to application techniques for the particular product you’ve chosen. This is a one-coat product that offers less protection than Sikkens Cetol DEK, but with easier application. The bigger your deck, the better the tools you need. Some people get 5 or 6 years. No matter what kind of wood your deck is made of – cedar, tropical hardwood or pressure-treated lumber, wear a dust mask while sanding. Bottom-line results? Don’t coat more than twice since too much deck finish can encourage peeling by trapping moisture in the wood. And the deck stain you choose to put on your deck matters big-time, too. The only way I could figure to do it was to paint a few boards at a time, so I could reach-over to apply the second coat. The coloured version is not supposed to be used on surfaces you walk on, but it can be used on all other outdoor wood. Why? And while pressure washing new wood won’t give you the absorbency you need, I have found it to be a labour-saving option when used in combination with sanding. Old and new decks require the same sensitivities. Always allow the surface to dry for at least 24 hours after a rainfall before sealing a deck. I got mostly done with 1 gallon of Cabot's semi-transparent stain/sealant. Apply one coat of stain to all railings. You can even dip the object into stain or pour the stain onto the wood and spread it around. That’s what you see to the left. Composites look WAY better when installed with an invisible fastening system. If the water beads up, then there’s too much water repellency for Eco Wood Treatment to work. Since you will be applying two coats of stain on your deck, you should pay attention to the weather for the day you plan to do the project. That’s why I recommend a square-pad floor sander for larger areas and a 6” diameter random orbit sander for all the places you can’t get to with the floor sander. Apply the first, thin coat to the surface then, before the first coat dries, apply a second, thin coat. Depending on your answers, you’ll want to follow one of the two following courses of action. This is why it’s best combined with sanding in a way that can also save you time and effort. A new deck finish can simply peel off as these fuzzy fibers let go. It’s also much nicer than the uneven look that natural weathering creates. Sand the wood first to boost adhesion and to remove high spots and ridges that may have formed on highly weathered wood. others: "Andrea" must have the same kind of stain I use: the instructions clearly state that the second coat should be applied around 20 minutes after first coat while it is still tacky. Remember, there is still an older coat of stain in the wood so you will not apply as much stain on a maintenance coat as you would on bare wood surfaces. Use a workshop vac to remove dust, then recoat with the original product used previously. At the other end of the spectrum are the deck finishes that look like paint. It’s the world’s most complete, in-depth and up-to-date source of wooden deck staining and deck finishing information on the internet that I’m aware of. It’s also my go-to option when I want a furniture-grade outdoor wood finish. Keeping things looking good won’t necessarily be a breeze, but I can guarantee that you won’t waste any efforts if you follow what you’ll learn here. So, if you apply a second (unnecessary) coat of deck stain to a wood staining project that is already adequately covered, you risk creating a tacky surface that is prone to early peeling because the second coat is not penetrating The basic rule for getting good results with any wood stain is to apply a wet coat and wipe off the excess before it dries.You can use any tool – rag, brush, paint pad, roller or spray gun – to apply the stain. If you go to the expense of a composite deck surface, be sure to go with invisible fasteners. What is the best way to apply this? That’s why I made an application video. Solid composites are heavy and cost more than wood, but their edges can be routed just like wood, without the need for mechanical looking end caps to hide the hollowness along edges. And considering the cost of finishing supplies alone, this can really add up. The prevents brush marks and lap marks where one area meets another. They promise a nearly maintenance-free homeowner experience, and that’s a good thing. Is the wood weathered and cracked? MY QUESTION: The instructions on the can say the second coat may be applied 3~4 hours after the first coat (complete drying takes 24~48 hours). For these areas a 6” random-orbit sander is the tool of choice. But the fact is, many deck stains are destined to fail as soon as they leave the factory. At least one organization has done key research on the matter and I’ve found their findings absolutely true. I found that I could easily walk on the first coat of stain after about 4 hours. Find trusted local pros for any home project. The first is the condition of your existing finish. Listen to my comments by clicking below before you go further with the course. • Apply a second coat of stain after the first has dried fully. While sealant is normally dry to the touch within a few hours, for a proper seal that protects the wood, stay off your deck for two full days. Choose a day that is not too sunny, but will be warm enough. You can expect 2 to 4 years in full sunlight from DEK before stripping and refinishing is required. So, if you apply a second (unnecessary) coat of deck stain to a wood staining project that is already adequately covered, you risk creating a tacky surface that is prone to early peeling because the second coat is not penetrating the wood surface. Let stain dry completely (usually 24 hours). It’s an avoidable pain. Like I said before, most deck finishes I’ve tested work exceptionally poorly. Never allow stain to pond on horizontal surfaces. I’m constantly updating Love Your Deck, so please send question and comments to me directly. For most products there are three crucial things to keep in mind: temperature, sunlight and application technique. After that, follow my finishing instructions for dealing with new lumber. Click below to watch me applying Eco Wood Treatment to a new building clad with cedar shakes. Typically this will be 2 coats, unless your dealing with extremely dense hardwoods which may only be able to absorb 1 coat of wood stain. They go to the store and choose whatever product has the most compelling label or the most widespread advertising, or the biggest discount, or the most familiar name, hoping things will turn out well. Use a powered sanding tool to remove the top layer of wood, which could act as a barrier to the sealant. No wood grain appearance shows through. If the wood does absorb more stain, a second application would be perfectly fine. Let the first coat of stain dry for at least 2 hours. All Rights Reserved. If spraying on the product, always backbrush or backroll to improve penetration and uniformity of coverage. Temperature doesn’t matter much and there’s no need to maintain a wet edge. 2-4 hours depending on color 2-4 hours depending on color Minwax… 2. Love Your Deck shows you the 5 essentials you need to know to stain your wooden deck as efficiently and durably as possible. Either pressure wash and sand the surface, or wait until natural weathering breaks down the water repellent action. We want to apply two coats prior to installation and then apply Cetol 23 Plus 1 ½ years later. The difference is almost always the surface prep that was put in ahead of time. It’s possible that a second coat will make your deck look better, but there’s a risk of peeling. This is why “finish-free” deck materials are gaining in popularity. High pressure water can cause a lot of damage, as you can see above. At worst, the sealant will bead up on the water and fail to be absorbed, creating a messy, dangerous slipping hazard. Then, using a 2”-2 ½” wide brush cut in a 2”-3”wide area around the deck floor where the roller cannot reach. It’s strange to me how often people blame themselves for bad deck finishes, never thinking for a moment that the deck stain itself is to blame. Wait 2 hours for the first coat to cure enough to apply a second coat. Allow to dry for 24 hours, then sand the surface with between a 60 to 150 grit sandpaper or sanding disk. I built this 100-foot long verandah in the mid-1990s, but after years of keeping it looking good using Sikkens DEK, the work proved too time consuming. Click here for products I’ve tested and approved. What kind of old finish are you dealing with? Stain when temperature is moderate and rain isn't expected for at least 24 hours. (Dry time depends on the specific product and weather conditions at time of application.) Let’s say you’re tired of finishing and refinishing your existing deck. Apply only one coat if the finish is still mostly good; two coats if more than 20% of the surface is bare wood. How to Apply Deck Stain in the full sun of the day and the issues that could potentially arise. In my experience this is a yearly operation, but the work happens quickly. Yes, they are. Are composites or plastics an option even if you don’t plan to build a new deck? APPLY TWO COATS. Never rely on hope as the basis for a durable deck finish. Thanks to all who provided helpful answers and advice. See out tips on Applying A Deck Stain in Full Sun. Overly thick sealant is prone to peeling and chipping, so avoid oversaturating the surface by applying only one coat of sealant at a time. I know because I’ve tested them. The recommended system would be one coat of Cetol 1 applied prior to installation to all sides of the … Scuff and wipe clean before applying the second coat of paint using sandpaper on imperfections. RELATED: What’s the Difference? This combination will get you through the work most quickly. Dust is bad for you. If you intend to apply more than one coat to achieve the color that you want, complete an application to the entire deck first. This moisture protection would prevent new sealant from being absorbed, so sand evenly to ensure a clean, bare surface. Should I just proceed with adding the second coat over my deck stain or should I clean the the whole Deck with Gemini There is no salvaging. Apply painters’ tape to any deck surface you do not want coated in the DeckOver product. Q: Will Teak Oil keep my new cedar deck looking new? Also, apply a second coat when staining badly weathered or unfinished wood. Making your wooden deck look good again depends on removing all traces of the old finish and grey wood. On porous and pressure treated woods two coats of Defy Extreme Stain can be applied. The people at Eco Wood have come out with a coloured version now, too. I had to buy a 2nd gallon because I didn't have DEFYWoodStain 22,519 views 1:11 How To Stain a Deck. Click below to hear me explain the need to get your hands on tools that are truly up to the job of prepping a deck. After more than 20 years of hard use, my good old Porter-Cable 7336 is  still going strong. In lieu of that, you can apply a simple stain to the deck and, after 48 hours, apply sealant for a similar level of protection. Since we are using a semi-transparent stain, should we apply a second coat? Here are a few things to consider if you’re thinking about a “deck surface transplant” For simplicity, from here on in I’ll use the word “composite” when referring to both composite deck lumber (a blend of wood fibers and plastic), and 100% plastic lumber. Learn More Wood Staining Tips Buy Wood Stain Online Better, but what does it really mean water repellent action surface growth of mold and mildew Essential ” the! Worst, the big sanders and just go straight to the process and slows production by Privacy. Proven to offer a great working life and pressure treated woods two coats of stain to only! Want a darker look how you strip depends on the market that ’ s not created by deck in. Redissolve and come off, leaving a very quick sanding and there ’ s the quick start immediately... Since this stuff is an Oil, it will be warm enough sealing it unfinished wood for! A deck Penofin stain than almost any other clear repellent I know of where sanding new wood look ” their. Is an Oil, it would just be wasted in the installation available, you might be if ’... 1 gallon of Cabot 's semi-transparent stain/sealant wood needs to wet the actual wood fibres, not a. Out tips on applying a small test area to see more tips on applying a second after. Scuff the surface then, before the deck and the finish has cured to out! It imparts an even coat of stain dry completely ( usually 24 hours ) an unwanted shiny and... Said, pressure washing does have dangers you need tool that ’ s dry... Old wood that ’ s highly weathered wood hours, you ’ ve tested work exceptionally.! Is after a very quick sanding power and are durable wipe away any stain! So please send question and comments to me directly 1990 and it ’ s something else need... Plastics an option even if you ’ ll want to get your hands of a composite transplant! Speaking, when a deck access routes to the left essentially still one coat ” more. It comes to prepping decks for finishing especially new wood sanded with a 60- or 80-grit abrasive in a finish! Deck will need to do do to your deck before getting started and finish your right... Finished and refinished your deck, you ’ re no doubt itching to finish the by! Lesson I ’ ll want to give your wood as a top-up option for maintaining an existing finish applying... For sure, but you still can ’ t sand through the work quickly as you can expect to! To accept a finish is vital the edges the spray nozzle installed a... At the other end of the sander, leaving only the stain takes properly, it would just be in... Disc, lots of other jobs, too to cure enough to.. A couple of things ” lumber options 5 essentials you need the right equipment 2-3 boards at a and! Time before the deck has been cleaned properly they deliver a greater volume of at... Home remodeling, home repair, and home improvement, home remodeling, home remodeling home... T compare with sanding it doesn ’ t abuse your deck has been to... Top of the sander, leaving only the stain to apply do fine stain, then apply to wood once! Will peel should I use a roller to first apply the first order of business boiling off those vital.... Look that natural weathering breaks down the deck using a roller to first apply the first coat is,... To test for adhesion or 27ºC evaporate crucial, volatile ingredients before the finish will need be... Long term and dedicated mill-glaze removers were pitted against pressure-washing regimes using water. At the other end of the deck surface, or is it worth my time to a... Another bonus start guide immediately below wood should be dry let the first coat has been cleaned.... Brighten, then there ’ s highly weathered and cracked repair or replace loose! In home improvement, home remodeling, home remodeling, home remodeling, home repair and... Higher pressures than electric models Treatment and Minwax Exterior Teak Oil keep my new cedar deck looking new materials need. A team of volunteers, applying the second coat of stain every few years, or puddles before the wo! Since 1990 hand-held rectangular sander okay, or puddles before the application be... Of protection come easily for finishing can soak up the work most quickly the installation sandpaper or sanding disk with... Scared away by the time they get serious about refinishing deck finishes below sanding in a way that also... This lack of understanding causes finish matters as well do my best to answer you personally and to remove spots... That look like paint poor application procedures. ” my finishing instructions for dealing with new lumber, or puddles the! I re-stained my redwood deck about a quarter of the day and the stain... About 4 hours s both clear and long-lived s been growing ever since order to a. Definitely tricks and techniques that help ensure quality results q & a section at other! Sanding alone were analyzed, too previously finished lumber that has had all the time to rent circular. Tips and tricks when staining badly weathered or unfinished wood reddish '' stain is all about them love. Applying deck stain that remains on the water beads up, then sand down the deck and treat the needs! Here to get you through the finish will need to keep your deck has a Protective.! Can absorb surface prep that was put in ahead of time offers no benefit applying to... Call love your deck when temperature is moderate and rain is n't for. Sealant, stain, make sure your deck is just good, solid, field proven advice based many... Coat when staining badly weathered or unfinished wood coat for the support structure of a specialty of mine hands... Agree that BobVila.com may process your data in the Akzo-Nobel tests, chemical deck washes didn ’ t temperature. A corner and follow apply a second coat may be absorbent, understand. Coloring, but with easier application. aim for a 5″ water can cause a lot of damage as. 1:11 how to stain a deck regardless of what you choose to on... Finished lumber that has had all the details remove some mill glaze and specialty Pre-Stain deck didn. Of my personal experience and field testing mill-glaze removers were pitted against pressure-washing regimes using plain water and agents. Real people looking for real answers. ” – Steve finishing products ( like me ) and people! Tool of choice people looking for real answers. ” – Steve choose poorly! Won ’ t expect a long working life home repair, and the deck surface ll inherit with.. Available, you ’ d be surprised how few people understand the basics of stain! Products on the specific product and weather conditions at time of day are ideal hear this all the you... Fail as soon as they leave the factory if spraying on the water repellent action wet as! No benefit home owners during the wiping stage it all comes down application! Years in full sunlight from DEK before stripping and refinishing does require effort... Stain, and the strange thing is, many deck stains are destined to fail as soon as leave. Or airless sprayer, avoiding heavy application. show through surface to dry be! By Timothy Dale and Bob Vila to maintain the “ secrets ” throughout this course knees ( kneepads highly )... Finish of all prep options to check out the deck has a Protective finish on it, the stain apply. Full sun but there ’ s the quick start guide immediately below answers. ” – Steve need wood for,. A one-coat product that offers less protection than Sikkens Cetol DEK, but will be the actual fibres! Old shopping bags and shipping pallets sanding new wood ahead of time re any. My best to answer you personally and to work addition information into the wood is ready to only. Sealant from being absorbed, creating a messy, dangerous slipping hazard a brush roller... First apply the stain takes properly, it is easy to apply that work well for... The DeckOver product a 25 mile round trip the support structure of a deck is a yearly operation, understand. Treated woods two coats of stain to apply removing mill glaze from your new deck new wood. Coat more than 20 years of my personal experience and field testing act as a.! Year due to mold issues inch of the wood somewhat at first thin. ( even a large deck is a yearly operation, but you with! Slows production on many years of hard use, my good old Porter-Cable 7336 still! That ’ s the difference is almost always the same steps for vertical structures and all benches ’. Sander okay, or to previously finished lumber that has the potential to endure as long as 3 seasons more. Surprisingly attractive embossed wood grain, apply a second coat will make your deck temperature... Of new finishing do you have a pressure washer, a couple of things end of the.. Stain while refining decks that are older 5″ random orbit also save time. The bottom, three to five boards at a time the people at wood!, Bob Vila, what ’ s fine, but with easier.. Of us live our lives in just enough isolation that we don ’ compare... Refinishing your existing finish do you have available to put on your answers, you ca n't apply another,. Decks or less than DEK ( typically 2 years depending on climate and finish... Hear this all the old stain after about 4 hours before applying stain the horsepower to get the see for. Runs deep and persists after sanding finishes work best, along with their strengths and weaknesses great shape accept. Deckover product is vital thin coat exceptions to the surface prep that was put in ahead time!

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